Umukandara umwe Umuhanda umwe

Gahunda ya Belt and Road Initiative, izwi mu Gishinwa ndetse yahoze mu Cyongereza yitwa Umuhanda umwe Umuhanda (Igishinwa: 一带 一路) cyangwa OBOR muri make, ni ingamba zo guteza imbere ibikorwa remezo ku isi byemejwe na guverinoma y'Ubushinwa mu 2013 gushora imari mu bihugu bigera kuri 70 ndetse no ku rwego mpuzamahanga amashyirahamwe. Ifatwa nk’ibanze mu munyamabanga mukuru w’ishyaka rya gikomunisiti ry’Abashinwa (CCP) akaba na politiki y’ububanyi n’amahanga y’umuyobozi w’Ubushinwa, Xi Jinping, wavuze mbere ko ingamba ari “umukandara w’ubukungu w’ubukungu” mu ruzinduko rwe muri Qazaqistan muri Nzeri 2013.

“Umukandara” ni ngufi kuri “Umuhanda w’ubukungu wa Silk Road,” werekeza ku nzira ziteganijwe ku butaka bw’imihanda na gari ya moshi zinyura muri Aziya yo hagati idafunze ku nkombe z’inzira zizwi cyane z’ubucuruzi z’akarere ka Burengerazuba; mu gihe “umuhanda” ari mugufi kuri “21st Century Maritime Silk Road”, yerekeza ku nzira zo mu nyanja ya Indo-Pasifika zinyura mu majyepfo y'uburasirazuba bwa Aziya zerekeza muri Aziya y'Epfo, Uburasirazuba bwo hagati na Afurika. Ingero zumushinga wibikorwa remezo bya Belt and Road Initiative harimo ibyambu, ibicu byubatswe hejuru, gari ya moshi, imihanda, ibibuga byindege, ingomero, na gari ya moshi.

Iyi gahunda yashyizwe mu Itegeko Nshinga ry’Ubushinwa mu 2017. Guverinoma y’Ubushinwa yita iki gikorwa “mu rwego rwo kuzamura umubano w’akarere no kwakira ejo hazaza heza.” Uyu mushinga ufite intego yo kurangiza umwaka wa 2049, uzahurirana n’isabukuru yimyaka ijana Repubulika y’Ubushinwa yashinzwe (PRC).

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Igihe cyo kohereza: Jun-02-2021